TU Berlin

Geoinformation in Environmental PlanningKleinschmit, Birgit

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Prof. Dr. Birgit Kleinschmit



Phone: +49 (0)30 / 314 - 72 84 7


Room: EB 235a
Consultation hour: by arrangement

Personal Data
Date and place of birth: 1973 (Münster, Westphalia, Germany)
Employment and academic vita
Announced as University Professor and Head of the Department of Geoinformation in Environmental Planning at the Institute of Landscape Architecture and Environmental Planning of the Berlin University of Technology
Assistant Professor (“Juniorprofessorin”) at the Department of Geoinformation Processing for Landscape and Environmental Planning of the Berlin University of Technology
Consultant and software developer, INTEND Geoinformatik GmbH, Kassel, Germany
Scientific staff member ("Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin"), Georg-August-Universität, Göttingen, Department of Forest Assessment & Remote Sensing, Forest Growth, Forest Planning
Diploma study of forest science at the University of Göttingen
Doctorate (doctor forest), Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Grade: magna cum laude
Diploma, Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Grade: 1,9 (on a scale from 1 to 6, where 1 is highest)

Research Topics

    • Studying land use dynamics on different scales to understand natural and human environmental systems using geospatial information technologies (GIS & Remote Sensing)
    • Modelling environmental changes and assessing the impacts on humans and ecosystems
    • Knowledge-based combination of geoinformation and remote sensing data
    • Evaluating of new sensor technologies

      Important Functions, Awards, Honors

      • Since 2019     
        Member of Scientific Advisory Board on Forest Policy at the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture

      • Since 2019      
        Research Transfer advisory board Member, TU Berlin

      • Since 2018
        Deputy Director, Institute of Landscape Architecture and Environmental Planning, TU Berlin

      • Since 2015      
        Co-speaker of the DFG research training group Urban water interfaces

      • Since 2016      
        Admissions and Steering Committee member of the Berlin International Graduate School in Model and Simulation based Research (BIMoS), TU Berlin

      • 2012-2018        
        Leader of the Special Interest Group „Analysis of remote sensing data” of the German Association for Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Geoinformation

      • Since 2018      
        Member of the Commission for the Allocation of Doctoral Grants of Elsa Neumann Scholarships

      • Since 2010      
        Steering Committee member of Geo.X – Research Network for Geosciences in Berlin and Potsdam



      Aljoumani, B., Sanchez-Espigares, J., Kluge, B., Wessolek, G. and Kleinschmit, B. (2022). Analyzing Temporal Trends of Urban Evaporation Using Generalized Additive Models. Land

      Vallentin, C., Harfenmeister, K., Itzerott, S., Kleinschmit, B., Conrad, C. and Spengler, D. (2022). Suitability of satellite remote sensing data for yield estimation in northeast Germany. Precision Agriculture, 52–82.

      Duarte Rocha, A., Vulova, S., van der Tol, C., Förster, M. and Kleinschmit, B. (2022). Modelling hourly evapotranspiration in urban environments with SCOPE using open remote sensing and meteorological data. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences


      Rocchini, D., Salvatori, N., Beierkuhnlein, C., Chiarucci, A., de Boissieu, F., Förster, M., Garzon-Lopez, C., Gillespie, T. W., Hauffe, H., He, K., Kleinschmit, B., Lenoir, J., Malavasi, M., Moudrý, V., Nagendra, H., Payne, D., Šímová, P., Torresani, M., Wegmann, M. and Féret, J.-B. (2021). From local spectral species to global spectral communities: A benchmark for ecosystem diversity estimate by remote sensing.. Ecological Informatics. Elsevier, 1-10.

      Hölzl, S. E., Veskov, M., Scheibner, T., Le, T. T. and Kleinschmit, B. (2021). Vulnerable socioeconomic groups are disproportionately exposed to multiple environmental burden in Berlin - implications– for planning. International journal of urban sustainable development, 1-18.

      Gränzig, T., Fassnacht, F. E., Kleinschmit, B. and Förster, M. (2021). Mapping the fractional coverage of the invasive shrub Ulex europaeus with multi-temporal Sentinel-2 imagery utilizing UAV orthoimages and a new spatial optimization approach.. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation

      Bauhus, J., Seeling, U., Dieter, M., Farwig, N., Hafner, A., Kätzel, R., Kleinschmit, B., Lang, F., Lindner, M., Möhring, B., Müller, J., M., N., Richter, K. and Schraml, U. (2021). Die Anpassung von Wäldern und Waldwirtschaft an den Klimawandel. Berichte über Landwirtschaft-Zeitschrift für Agrarpolitik und Landwirtschaft, 1-158.

      Schulz, C., Holtrave, A. and Kleinschmit, B. (2021). Large-scale winter catch crop monitoring with Sentinel-2 time series and machine learning–An alternative to on-site controls?. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture

      Vulova, S., Meier, F., Rocha, A. D., Quanz, J., Nouri, H. and and Kleinschmit, B. (2021). Modeling urban evapotranspiration using remote sensing, flux footprints, and artificial intelligence. Science of The Total Environment, 1-13.


      Vulova, S., Meier, F., Fenner, D., Nouri, H. and Kleinschmit, B. (2020). Summer Nights in Berlin, Germany: Modeling Air Temperature Spatially With Remote Sensing, Crowdsourced Weather Data, and Machine Learning. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 1-15.

      Other Publications

      Comparing Sentinel-1 and -2 Data and Indices for Agricultural Land Use Monitoring
      Citation key Holtgrave2020
      Author Holtgrave, A. and Röder, N. and Ackermann, A. and Erasmi, S. and Kleinschmit, B.
      Pages 1-27
      Year 2020
      ISSN 2072-4292
      DOI 10.3390/rs12182919
      Journal remote sensing
      Number 12
      Abstract Agricultural vegetation development and harvest date monitoring over large areas requires frequent remote sensing observations. In regions with persistent cloud coverage during the vegetation season this is only feasible with active systems, such as SAR, and is limited for optical data. To date, optical remote sensing vegetation indices are more frequently used to monitor agricultural vegetation status because they are easily processed, and the characteristics are widely known. This study evaluated the correlations of three Sentinel-2 optical indices with Sentinel-1 SAR indices over agricultural areas to gain knowledge about their relationship. We compared Sentinel-2 Normalized Difference Vegetation Index, Normalized Difference Water Index, and Plant Senescence Radiation Index with Sentinel-1 SAR VV and VH backscatter, VH/VV ratio, and Sentinel-1 Radar Vegetation Index. The study was conducted on 22 test sites covering approximately 35,000 ha of four different main European agricultural land use types, namely grassland, maize, spring barley, and winter wheat, in Lower Saxony, Germany, in 2018. We investigated the relationship between Sentinel-1 and Sentinel-2 indices for each land use type considering three phenophases (growing, green, enescence). The strength of the correlations of optical and SAR indices differed among land use type and phenophase. There was no generic correlation between optical and SAR indices in our study. However, when the data were split by land use types and phenophases, the correlations increased remarkably. Overall, the highest correlations were found for the Radar Vegetation Index and VH backscatter. Correlations for grassland were lower than for the other land use types. Adding auxiliary data to a multiple linear regression analysis revealed that, in addition to land use type and phenophase information, the lower quartile and median SAR values per field, and a spatial variable, improved the models. Other auxiliary data retrieved from a digital elevation model, Sentinel-1 orbit direction, soil type information, and other SAR values had minor impacts on the model performance. In conclusion, despite the different nature of the signal generation, there were distinct relationships between optical and SAR indices which were independent of environmental variables but could be stratified by land use type and phenophase. These relationships showed similar patterns across different test sites. However, a regional clustering of landscapes would significantly improve the relationships.
      Bibtex Type of Publication Kleinschmit
      Link to original publication Download Bibtex entry


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