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Sustainable Biomass Supply (DBU)

Transferable Strategies for a Sustainable Biomass Supply on District Level - A Case Study
Deutsche Bundesstiftung Umwelt (DBU)
Technische Universität München
Lehrstuhl für Wirtschaftslehre des Landbaues
Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Alois Heißenhuber

Technische Universität Berlin
Department of Environmental Assessment and Planning Research
Prof. Dr. Johann Köppel
January 2006 - October 2007
Research Associate:
Dipl.-Ing. Britta Korte
Project Lead:
Prof. Dr. Birgit Kleinschmit


Since the 1990s there is a steady increase of energy crop cultivation as well as material recycling. Previous research projects have shown that there is an enormous potential for an extended cultivation of energy crop on arable lands and grasslands.

At this point it is nature conservation that is asked to meet the rising pressure of energy-crop farming constructively. There is still a certain lack of knowledge about a broad assessment of occuring conflicts as well as of synergies between energy-crop farming and nature conservation. However, this knowledge will be essential for an ecologically optimized development of energy-crop farming.

The aim of the project is to intensify the cultivation of enery-crop on district level (Landkreis) under special consideration of the demands on nature conservation. Taking into account the specific functions of the ecosystem for an onsite location is part of the project besides economic and energy considerations.

Recommendations will also be prepared for an environmentally friendly energy-crop farming for two different districts: Chiemgau / Bavaria and Ostprignitz-Ruppin / Brandenburg. The recommendations will be given in such a way that the results and the project-output can be transferred to other regions, too.

Potential conflicts will thus be minimized by an improvement of spatial distribution of land use as well as the adaptation of different classes of land use to their specific location. By an analysis of the ecosystem and an evaluation of the biomass potentials the specific conflicts and synergies of biomass farming can be shown in a geo-information system (GIS).

By creating different scenarios recommendations can be made for sustainable land-use planning and their ecologic and economic impacts.

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